Lübeck is a northern German city famed for its Brick Gothic architecture, located just a stone’s throw from the windy shores of the Baltic Sea. It’s the former capital of the powerful Hanseatic League – a union of towns and merchants’ guilds that dominated trade in Europe throughout the entirety of the medieval period. The city is most famous for its Holstentor – a 15th-century city gate which now acts as the symbol of Lübeck.
Lübeck is a treasure trove of architectural wonders, and this is most evident in the UNESCO-listed old Hanseatic city. The star attraction here is the 13th-century Marienkirche or St Mary’s Church – a symbol of the power and prosperity of the Hanseatic League. Its twin towers soar to 125 metres in height, and it also has the highest brick vault in the world at 38.5 metres. Other gems here include the namesake cathedral – reconstructed after it was partly destroyed in a bombing raid in World War II – and the Hospice du Saint-Esprit – a restored landmark originally constructed in 1286 CE.
While there is plenty to see and do in Lübeck, the museums are arguably the jewel in the city’s crown. Aside from the Holstentor, you can explore St Anne’s Museum which contains Germany's largest collection of medieval sculptures and altarpieces, and the Lübeck Museum of Theatre Puppets for an insight into German theatre and puppetry. You can also visit the Günter Grass House for an introduction into the author, artist and Nobel Prize winner.