Founded by Alexander the Great in 331 BCE, the city of Alexandria was once the capital of Egypt, the epicentre of Hellenic scholarship and science and one of the most important cities of the ancient world. Though many of its legendary landmarks – including the towering Pharos of Alexandria and the Great Library – are no more, there’s plenty still to see. The city has now also developed into Egypt’s cosmopolitan and cultural capital, with museums and art galleries rubbing shoulders with hipster cafés and tasty, traditional restaurants.
One thing you can’t escape from when in Alexandria is the layered history and culture found here. From palaces to citadels and catacombs to ancient Roman theatres, there is plenty for culture vultures and history buffs to discover while in the city. Don’t miss a visit to the Bibliotheca Alexandrina – a vast library and cultural centre which replicates the legendary ancient library built in classical Greek times. Other sites include the Alexandria Museum, the 15th-century Citadel of Qaitbay, the catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa and the iconic Pompey's Pillar.
For the best view of Alexandria and of the Mediterranean Sea, take a stroll down the famous Corniche – a waterfront promenade running along the Eastern Harbour. If the sun is shining, don’t miss a trip to the popular El Mamurah Beach, which has a smorgasbord of lively cafés and a golden stretch of sand, as well as the green spaces of El Montazah Park.